Trackman's Helper, The By J Kindelan HC 3rd ed Track Foremen instructions
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Trackman's Helper, The By J Kindelan HC 3rd ed Track Foremen instructions
The Trackmans Helper By J Kindelan
Hard Cover Notice the binding, pencil writing on a blank page, last blank page has a piece near the middle top ready to fall off.
Third Edition Copyright 1894 Revised and enlarged, with new illustrations and tables. A book of instruction for Track Foremen
281 Pages followed by advertisements
NEW ROAD. CHAPTER I.
1. New Road -2, Track Laying-3, Track-Laying Machine-4, Have Tools Ready-5, Track Laying Tools and Material-6, Tie Bedding-7, Omit the Tie Bedding-8, Good Men at the Front, a Surfacing Gang-9, Locating Joint Ties-10, Laying the Rails-11, Expansion and Contraction-12, Heat and Cold, Expansion Table-1', Transferring Material-14, Mixed Lengths of Rails-15, A Short Rail for Curves-16, A Tie Under Joints-17, When Laid in a Sag-18, Change of Line-19, Good Side Tracks-2o, To Stop Track from Creeping-21, Making Connections-22, Short Pieces of Rail-23, The Steel Car-"4, Lining New Track-25, Track Line-26, One or More Steel Cars-27, How Constructed-. 28, Track-Laying Gage-29, Cattle Guards-3', List of Track Tools-31, Locating Wagon Crossings-32, Where to Spike the Plank-33, A Common Plank Wagon Crossing-34, A Standard Highway Crossing-35, Laying New Steel-36, How to Relay Iron or Steel-37, Average Life of Iron and Steel-38, Even or Broken Joints-39, Heavier Rails Wan`ed-Spiking and Gaging, Paragraphs 1 to 9 1-41
SPRING TRACK WORK. CHAPTER II.
1, Spring Track Work-2, Washouts-3, Repairing Track-4, On Long Sections Ballasted With Earth- 5, Dressing Mud Track -6, Lining Old Track-7, Bolts That Are Too Tight-8, Removing Old Track Bolts-9, Changes of Temperature-10, Line of Bridges-11, Repairing Bridges -12, The Ends of Bridges--13, Ditching-14, Width and Shape of Ditches-15, Slope of Ditches-16, Grade of Ditches-17, Cleaning of Ditches-18, A Ditching Rule-19, Track Drainage-20, Culverts and Bridges-21, Grading Cuts 42-66
SUMMER TRACK WORK. CHAPTER III
1, Summer Track Work-2, Track Ties-3, Putting New Ties Under the Track-4, Select YourJoint Ties-5, Finish as You Go-6, Distributing New Ties-7, Make the Worst Places Safe First-8. Ties Under Joints-9, Estimating New Ties for Repairs-10, Counting the Bad Ties-11. Wide Spaces-12, Remove Bad Ties When Ballasting-13, Twisted Ties-14, Ties at Highway Crossings-15, Remove the Bark-16, Old Ties-17, Average Life of Ties-18, Tie Account for a Year-19, Cutting Weeds-20, Weeds on Heavy Grades -21, To Lessen Weed Cutting.
1, Ballast-2, Surface Levels-3, Before Ballasting Track-4, When to Ballast-5, Ballasting-6, Raising Track-7, Raise Both Sides-8, Solid Centers-9, High Places-10, Uniform Tamping-11, Dressing Ballasted Track-12, A Day's Work-13, Refuse Ballast in Cuts-14, Have the Track Ready-15, High Raising-16, Gravel Required to Ballast a Mile of Track-17, Level Track in Yards-18, How to Level Yard Tracks-19, Gravel Pits-20, Gravel vs. Weeds 67-101
FALL TRACK WORK. CHAPTER IV.
1, Fall Track Work-2, Cleaning the Right of Way-3, Raising Up Sags in Track Surface-4, Narrow Embankments-5, Haul Out Material from Cuts-6, To Remedy Too Wide an Opening at the Joints. 7, Building Fences-8, Board Fences-9, Fence Tables-10, Weight of Nails-11,Weight of Fence Wire-12, a Day's Labor. 102-118
WINTER TRACK WORK. CHAPTER V.
1, Winter Track Work-2, Shimming Track-3, Heaved Bridges and Culverts-4, Report Amount of Snow-5, Snow on Side Tracks-6, Snow in Cuts-7, Flanging Track-8, Opening Ditches and Culverts-9, Snow Walls-10, Snow Fences.
1, Bucking Snow-2, Two Locomotives-3, A Piece of Steam Hose-4, Length of Runs-5, Preparing Drifts 119-133
FROGS AND SWITCHES. CHAPTER VI.
1, Turnouts-2, Split or Point Switches-3, Laying Switches-4, To Change a Stub to a Split Switch-5, Description of Table 1, for "Stub Leads"-G, Description of Table 2, for "Point Leads"-7, Frogs-8, Laying Frogs in Track - 9, Length of Frogs-10, Guard Rails-11, If There Is No Standard-12, Switch Timbers-13, To Cut Switch Ties the Proper Length -14, Tamping Switch Ties-15, Putting in Three Throw Switches-16, Derailing Switches-17. Turnout from Curves -18, To Reach a Side Track with a Reverse Curve Behind the Frog-19, Round House Tracks-20, Another Method-21, Cross-over Tracks-22, Table of Distances Between Frog Points in Cross-over Tracks-23, Parallel Tracks-24, How to Ascertain the Kind of Frog Needed-25, Spur Tracks 134-170
CURVED TRACK. CHAPTER VII.
1, Radii, Ordinates, Tangent and Cord Deflections, (Table 3)-2, To Lay Out a Curve by the Eye-3, To Find the Radius of a Curve Required to Reach Any Desired Object, the Point of Curve Being Known-4, Method of Laying a Spur Track Curve-5, Three Methods of Finding the Difference in Length Between the Inner and Outer Rails of a Curve-6, Broken or Staggered Joints on Curves-7, Elevation of Curves-8, Elevate for the Greatest Speed-9, Sharp Curves and Elevation-10, When Speed of Trains Does Not Exceed 15 Miles per Hour-11, The Curve on Passing Tracks-12, Table of Ordinates-13, How to Apply It-14, Compound Curves-15, Frequent Changes-16, Curve Track Gages-17, Laying the Rails on Curves-18, To Curve a Rail Properly-19, The Curve Approach-20, Printed Information for Foremen-21, Guard Rails on Curves-22, Between Reverse Curves-23, Putting the Elevation in Curves. 24, Rules for Lining Curves-25, Effect of Locomotives and Car Wheels on Track-26, Elevation Balance-27, Liability of Derailment-28. Reduced Speed-29, A Curve in a Sag-30, Care of Curves-31, Lining Curves-32, Straight Rails in Curves-33. Tracklaying Where Curves Are Frequent-34, Foremen Should Know the Degree-35, A Good Curve-36, Dangerous Cars on Curves 171-204
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS. CHAPTER VIII.
1, Boarding Accommodations-2, Discharges-3, Ride Over Your Section on the Engine-4, Following Trains-6, Accidents-6, Go Over the Track-7, Raise Up the Wires-8. Extremes of Temperature-9, Track Jacks-10, The Spirit Level-11, Surface Bent Rails-12, Low Joints-13, Examining Track-14, Scarcity of Repair Rails-15, Changing Battered Rails-16, Extra Work-17, Train L Accidents-18, At Wrecks-19, Water Stations-20, Trespassers-21, Protect Fences-22, Rails of Different Heights-23, Expansion Blocks-24, Switch Stands-25, Absent from Duty-26, Emergency Rails -27, Extra Men-28, A Prompt Reply-29, Get Acquainted with Your Section-30, The Proper Way-31, Working New Men-32, Clear Water Passages-33, Neat Station Grounds-34, Expansion at Switches-35, Look Over the Yard-36, Lips on Stub Switches-37, Bent Switch Rails-38, The Moving Rails of Stub Switches-39, Battered Switch Rails-40, To Straighten Rails in Track-41, Ties Under Moving Rails-42, Bent Splices-43, Punch or Bore Rails-44, Lining Disconnected Track -45, Ordering Tools or Material-46. Keep Men's Time Correct-47, Duplicate Time Books -48, Track Material Account - 49, Printed Forms-50, Section Foremen's Reports-51, Shipping Track Tools-52, Distance to Set Out Danger Signals-53, Always Keep Signals with You-54, Time Cards and Rules-53, Note of Flags -56, Stop Signals-57, Look Out for Signals-58, Obstructing the Track-59. Replace Signals-60, Injured Signals-61, Complying with the Rules-62, Location of Whistling Post and Signs-63, Train's Disrespect of Danger Signals-64, Look Out for Trains-65, Always Be Prepared-66. Hand Car and Tool House-67, Telegraph Office Reports-68, Removing Hand Cars from Crossings-69, Throwing Switches-70, Leaving Hand Cars on Track-fl, Loaning Tools, Cars, etc.-72, Different Varieties of Ties-73, Care of Tools-74, Hand Care, etc.-75, Shovels-76, Cold Chisels-77, Use of Claw Bars-78, Lining Bars-79, Rail Punches-80, The Place for Tools-81. Cutting Steel-82, The Ballast in Yards-83, Execute Promptly-84, Protect Against Fires-85, The Curving Hook-86, Report Stock Killed-87, Damage by Fire-88, Be Careful of Material-89, Pick Up Scattered Material-90, Do First What Needs to Be Done-91, How to Do Work-92, Foremen on Duty-93, Adopt the Best Method 205-252
WRECKING. CHAPTER IX.
1, Wrecking-2, On the Ground-3, To Square a Car Truck-4. When a Center Pin Cannot Be Used-5, Without an Engine -6,Cars Off on Ties-7, 011 the Rail-8, Broken Switches-9, Car Trucks in the Ditch-10, To Connect Broken Chains-11, To Turn a Car Truck on Soft Ground-12, To Put a Wrecked Gravel Plow Back on Cars-13, Sliding a Car on a Tie-14, Loaded Wrecked Cars-15, Broken Center Pins-16, Pulling on a Chain or Rope-17, A Dead Man-18, Wrecked Engines-19, How to Work as a Wreck 253-261
MISCELLANEOUS. CHAPTER X.
1, Work Train Service-2, To Whom Responsible-3, Track Inspection-4, Longer Ralls-5, Hints to Section Foremen-6, Section Record-7, Average Day's Work for One Man-8, Track Bolts-9, Spikes-10, Number of Spikes-11, Tons of Rails Required for One Mile of Track-12, Number of Cross Ties Required for Each Mile of Track-13, Length of Rail and Number of Joints, Splices, and Bolts, for Each Mile of Track-14, Weight per Yard. per 30 Foot Rail, and Tons per Mile-15, Lumber Table-16, Standards of Weights and Measures-17, Speed Table for Trains-18, Table of Wages on a Basis of 10 Hours per Day-19, Table of Wages, 1 Cent to $2 for Any Part of 30 Days 262-281
I can no better introduce the Third Edition of THE TRACKMAN'S HELPER to the reader, than with the opening lines of my first preface.
The main object of the author in writing this book is, through its agency, to assist young or inexperienced men who work on track repairs or construction, to become the equals of track foremen who have had more experience and a wider field to work in, and thereby make the track service more efficient, and save Roadmasters and other officers from the necessity of continually instructing inexperienced men on every subject relating to track work.
That there is a necessity existing for such a book is admitted by every good trackman, and I have received many letters from prominent Trackmen, and other railroad officers throughout the United States, who all agree in the opinion expressed, that all trackmen should be supplied with a book of instructions, which would advance their knowledge of theoretical and practical details of Construction and Track Maintenance quicker than such knowledge can be gained by actual experience. This would fit them for doing all work in a practical manner, with less inconvenience to themselves and in a way that would be more satisfactory to the company by preventing waste or loss which is common when the men are ignorant "heir duties:.: The time of Roadmasters, Supervisors, and others, is often so fully taken up with other duties that they seldom have time or opportunity to give full instructions to all the men working under them in a manner that would insure their thorough efficiency as good reliable trackmen. -
Of course, after a certain amount of time has elapsed since a man has entered the service, his natural aptitude for gathering knowledge along with what instructions he receives, will make him a good average trackman, and familiarize him with the rules of the road and his other duties, but unless he has had the benefit of a wide field of experience and a very thorough training, he seldom becomes so expert as to be able to do in a proper manner many kinds of work with which he is unacquainted, but which he may be called upon to do at any time.
To help fill this want of the Trackman, the writer published the first edition of this book, which I hope has proved to be what its name indicates, a Helper for Trackmen.
I fully realized how difficult a task it would be to write a book which would be accepted by even a majority of the Trackmen of the country, but to accomplish anything, a beginning must be made, and as I had a practical education, from the shovel up, I thought I could offer something that would at least assist the ambitious young trackman seeking knowledge of his profession. I deemed it my duty also to put into book form what little of practical knowledge I possessed, if for no other reasons, than to show the importance of the Track, in relation to the other Railroad Departments, and assist in bringing more uniformity into the methods of doing trackwork on the different railroads.
The book was not without its share of errors and shortcomings, but it has been well received by the Trackmen of the country. In fact, it had a much bate: reception than the writer had anticipated, and the many letters I have received from Railway Officers and Roadmasters, commenting favorably on the work, have encouraged me to publish this Third Edition and to add to the old work as much valuable matter as was possible, which would be consistent with present day practice.
Before closing I wish to make a few remarks about the practical training of Trackmen. It is of the greatest importance that railroad companies employ none hut the best and most expert trackmen for Roadmasters, Supervisors or Foremen, because on these men depends in a great measure the successful operation of the road. The track and roadway being the most important and costly department to maintain, it offers superior advantages for these men to display what talents they possess in economically keeping up a first class track, and educating the laborers to perform their ditties in a thorough, practical manner without waste or loss to the company, and with the greatest degree of safety to the trainmen and the public.
I believe the best way to produce good, practical trackmen, is by educating them along with what knowledge they possess, or have gathered from experience, and I believe the best aid to accomplish this end would be the distribution among the men of in. structions in book form, covering all the theoretical and practical details of their work according to the best methods now in practice. This would cost the companies but a small amount separately and the results would repay them ninny fold.
The history of track maintenance from the beginning up to the present date, shows a state of affairs existing which would not be tolerated in any other business. With only a few exceptions, little if any effort has been made by the railroad companies to aid their men to gain a technical as well as a practical knowledge of their profession; in fact an entirely opposite course has been pursued in most cases.
The Civil Engineers and such officers as have charge of the laying out, or direction of construction work, have been too widely separated from those in charge of the practical end of the work, and as a consequence, the Trackman has to shift for himself and pick up his knowledge by a slow and tedious process, which often results in great injury to the company which employs him; and it often happens that the men who hold a superior position above him, know so little about the details of his work that .they are not qualified to correct his errors. It cannot he denied that to construct and properly maintain a first class track, is both a science and a trade that requires its share of energy, skill, intelligence and ability in just as great a degree as any other important profession, but owing to the rapidity with which new construction has been carried on in this country, together with the very limited opportunities which some Track-men have for gaining a thorough knowledge of their business there are many now working on railroads who could not be numbered in the first class. It would be well, I think, if the different railroad companies attached more importance to the necessity which exists for adopting some system of educating their Trackmen to a higher standard of excellence.
If by the publication of this book I have laid one more stone in the arch which would span the gulf of prejudice and support all good Trackmen in a common effort for the welfare of each other, and the upbuilding of their profession, I have accomplished enough, and I sincerly hope that what little I have added to the track literature now in existence may only be the beginning of something better and more worthy.
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