The Next Station Will be New York & Long Branch Railroad An Album of photographs
The Next Station Will be New York & Long Branch Railroad An Album of photographs
The Next Station Will be New York & Long Branch Railroad An Album of photographs
The Next Station Will be New York & Long Branch Railroad An Album of photographs

The Next Station Will be New York & Long Branch Railroad An Album of photographs

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The Next Station Will be New York & Long Branch Railroad An Album of photographs
 
The Next Station Will be New York & Long Branch Railroad An Album of photographs of Railroad depots   Railroadians of America 1985
Soft Cover
The area served by the New York and Long Branch Railroad is known as the North Jersey Coast and to those living in New Jersey it was the SEA SHORE or more commonly the "Shore." To residents outside New Jersey it was the "Jersey Shore," a popular summer resort.
Prior to the coming of the railroads, the only way to reach this area was by stage, carriage or a combination of stage and steamboat that came down from New York Harbor, to points along Raritan Bay.
In 1860 the Raritan and Delaware Bay railroad built a branch from Eatontown to Long Branch and with its line to Port Monmouth, where it had Steamboat connections to New York, provided another means of reaching the shore. In 1865, with steamboat connections from Sandy Hook to New York, the Long Branch and Sea Shore railroad was built from Sandy Hook to Long Branch providing another way of reaching this area. For some time one could reach it directly by steam boat, but rough seas made docking difficult and ocean storms washing away the piers brought an end to this service.
Incorporated April 8, 1868, in the interest of the Central Railroad of New Jersey, the New York and Long Branch Railroad was organized in 1873 to build from Perth Amboy, N.J. (north end of Raritan bridge) to Long Branch, N.J. and in connection with the New Egypt and Farmingdale railroad from Long Branch to Belmar (Ocean Beach at that time). The Long Branch and Sea Girt railroad, from Belmar to Sea Girt, was opened to through traffic September 7, 1875. These railroads did not own any motive power or rolling stock. They were leased and operated by the Central Railroad of New Jersey as its Long Branch division. This provided what was called the ALL RAIL route to Jersey City, N.J. where one still had to take the Ferry across the Hudson River to reach New York City.
The United Companies, which were leased to the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1871, tried to prevent the building of the bridge across the Raritan River by using the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company as complainant, citing the hazard to river traffic and navigation. Despite this opposition the New York and Long Branch was allowed to proceed with the construction and the bridge was completed in 1875. In 1880 the New York and Long Branch Extension Railroad was opened from Sea Girt to Point Pleasant and in 1881 the Long Branch and Barnegat Bay Railroad was opened from Point Pleasant to Bay Head.
By authority of act of legislature, March 25, 1881, these companies were merged December 20, 1881 as the New York and Long Branch R.R. with a length of 38.04 miles including trackage rights from the center of the Sea Girt station southward 1,326 feet over the Freehold and Jamesburg Agricultural Railroad, a Pennsylvania Railroad branch, with the Central Railroad owning all the Capital stock.
The Pennsylvania Railroad threatened to build a competing line when it was refused operating rights from Long Branch to New York. The Central R.R. of New Jersey took the threat seriously. The Pennsylvania was granted the right to the joint use of the New York & Long Branch.
On January 3, 1882 the line was double tracked. From April 1, 1882 the New York & Long Branch R.R. was granted independent management with the earnings reported separately by the two operating companies. The Central Railroad of New Jersey retained all the capital stock. On January 2, 1888 the Central R.R. of New Jersey and the Pennsylvania R.R. took joint lease on the N.Y.&L.B. R.R. for 99 years. By the nineteen twenties the Pennsylvania R.R. was not satisfied with the Central R.R. of New Jersey being the sole owner and new negotiations began. On December 9, 1929 the Interstate Commerce Commission authorized the Pennsylvania R.R. to acquire a half interest, which took effect January 31, 1930, for a period of 999 years. The N.Y.&L.B. R.R. then issued additional stock which became fifty percent of the total when sold to the Pennsylvania R.R.

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