Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT

Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT

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Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Vols by Hungerford REPRINT
 
The Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 1827-1927 2 Volumes  by Edward Hungerford
Hard Cover
372 pages
Copyright 1993  REPRINT, original copyright 1928
CONTENTS  Volume 1
CHAPTER I                                                                                                                                                   
BALTIMORE FACES A CRISIS.3                                                                                                    
The Growing Young City of Baltimore Comes to a Real Crisis-The New Transport Advantages of Her Rivals, New York and Philadelphia-The Opening of the Erie Canal-The Great Era of the National Road.
CHAPTER II                                                                                                                               
ORGANIZING THE BALTIMORE AND OHIO       15                                                                             
Some February Evenings in Mr. George Brown's House and What Comes of Them-The Birth of a Railroad-The Brilliant McMahon and His Charter-The Company Organized-The Rush for Its Shares-Discussion as to the Location of the New Line.
CHAPTER III                                                                                                                                             
THE FOURTH OF JULY, 1828         37                                                                                                                                             
On Which a Corner Stone is Laid-There is a Long Procession Through the Streets of Baltimore City-The V nerable Charles Carroll of Carrollton Breaks Ground for the Railroad-The Masons Place the First Stone-Fireworks and Rejoicings Follow.
CHAPTER IV                                                                                                                                                       
A GREAT TASK IS RIGHT AHEAD      48                                                                                                                                                                         
The Directors of the Baltimore and Ohio Face Problems in the Construction of Their Railroad-Arguments and Contentions-The Vagueness of the Plans-Men and Measures-The Latrobes.
CHAPTER V                                                                                                                                 
GETTING DOWN TO HARD WORK        60                                                                                   
Actual Construction Begins-The Problem of the Bridges-Wood Against Stone-The Carrollton Viaduct-Labor Troubles on the New Road-The Question of Track-The Line Prepares for Business.
CHAPTER VI                                                                                                                                      
TRAFFIC BEGINS UPON THE NEW RAILROAD .. 76                                                                       
Operating for Revenue, at Last-The Perplexing Question of Railroad Carriages-Ross Winans and His Model-The Car That Sailed-The Treadmill Engine-Regular Train Service Begins Upon the Baltimore and Ohio.
CHAPTER VII                                                                                                                                                         
THE IRON HORSE ARRIVES.. 91                                                                                       
The Coming of the Steam Locomotive-English Developments-The Rainhill Trials-Peter Cooper and His Tom Thumb-Locomotive Tests on the Baltimore and Ohio-The York-The Atlantic-A Railroad University.
CHAPTER VIII                                                                                                                         
THE PROGRESS OF THE IRON TRAIL. 114                                                                                         
Early Railroads Across the Land-The Baltimore and Ohio Advances Toward the Potomac-Problems of Track Construction-Labor Troubles - Caspar Weyer and the Whiskey Question - A Fatal Accident Upon the Line-Open to Frederick, at Last.
CHAPTER IX                                                                                                                                                   
THE WATER TRAIL VS. THE IRON ONE     131                                                                                          
The Canal an Early Antagonist of the Railroad-Conflict Between Them at the Point of Rocks-The Baltimore and Ohio Wins a Drawn Victory-More Locomotives-The Traveller-The Arabian-The Mercury-Better Cars-And, Finally, Harpers Ferry Reached.
CHAPTER X                                                                                                                                          
THE RAILROAD ENTERS THE NATIONAL CAPITAL 153                                                             
The Washington Branch-Its Peculiar Problems of Financing-The Onerous Passenger Tax and the Trouble to Which it Led-Mr. Knight Works Out the Details of the New Line-" Latrobe's Folly "Opening the Branch-The Tragic Death of Phineas Davis.
CHAPTER XI                                                                                                                                              
THE BALTIMORE AND OHIO OF THE 'THIRTIES .. 177                                                           
The Chief Engineer of the New Erie Railroad Visits the Baltimore Road-His Flattering Reports upon It-Locomotive Problems-The Vertical Boiler-Black Days-Panic-And a New President for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
CHAPTER XII                                                                                                                                         
THE STRUGGLE TOWARD CUMBERLAND.. 198                                                                     
Hard Years, and Troublous Ones-Difficulties in Financing-McLane's Two Voyages to England and What Came of Them-Construction West of Harpers Ferry-And Cumberland Finally Reached.
CHAPTER XIII                                                                                                                                     
THE IRON HORSE IS BEING PERFECTED216                                                                             
Locomotive Development on the Baltimore and Ohio from 1837 to 1853 -The "Grasshoppers" Succeeded by the "Crabs"-Haphazard Design Becomes a Well Ordered Pattern, the Locomotive a Distinct Forerunner of the One of Today.
CHAPTER XIV                                                                                                                                      
THE OHIO IS FINALLY REACHED.. 240                                                                                             
On to Wheeling-After Twenty-Five Years of Persistent Effort the Baltimore and Ohio Reaches Its Great Goal on the Bank of the Ohio-Construction Difficulties-And Those of Politics and Finance.
CHAPTER XV                                                                                                                                                
RUNNING A RAILROAD IN THE 'FIFTIES     268                                                                                                                                                 
The Baltimore and Ohio of 1853-The Organization and Operating Methods of That Day-The Washington Branch Sees the First Telegraph Line in the World-And the First Electric Locomotive-The Coming of Camden Station.
CHAPTER XVI                                                                                                                                       
DAYS OF SWIFT EXPANSIONS AND REJOICINGS     289                                                                                                                                                      
West from the Ohio-The Northwestern Virginia Railroad ... And the New Hotel at Grafton-The Marietta and Cincinnati-Trials and Tribulations of the Ohio and Mississippi-A Happy Outcome and Thirty Mad Days of Rejoicings.
CHAPTER XVII                                                                                                                                     
THE TUMULT AND THE SHOUTING DIE    316                                                                                           
The Beginning of a New Era-And the Men at the Helm of the Baltimore and Ohio Face Large Problems-New Faces in the Board Room-Johns Hopkins and John W. Garrett.
CHAPTER XVIII                                                                                                                                     
RUMBLINGS OF APPROACHING CONFLICT... 335                                                                  
The John Brown Raid at Harpers Ferry, October 17, 1859-The Road's Telegraphic Record of the Stirring Event-The Putting Down of an Insurrection-Progress of the Garrett Administration.
CHAPTER XIX                                                                                                                                       
OPEN WARFARE AT LAST348                                                                                                          
The Beginnings of the Civil War-President Lincoln Passes Through Baltimore-And so Does the Sixth Massachusetts-Rumors and Alarms-Bloodshed-The Baltimore and Ohio Becomes the Theater of Conflict.

ILLUSTRATIONS
Builders Of The Baltimore And OhioFrontispiece
A Tollgate On The National Road 10
Stage Coach Days11
The Baltimore Of A Hundred Years Ago 18
They Met At The Home Of George Brown, Esq.19
A Very Early Stock Certificate30
Philip E. Thomas, 1827-183631
The Laying Of The First Stone 38
The First Stone Itself39
Worn In Honor Of The Coming Of The Railroad  46
Song In Honor Of The Railroad47
America's Earliest Railroad Station 54
Surveying For The Railroad 55
The Carrollton Viaduct Near Baltimore 62
The Earliest Track63
An Invitation To Ride Upon The Railroad 70
An Early Baltimore And Ohio Stock Certificate71
The Sailing Car Eolus80
The Treadmill Engine 81
The Patterson Viaduct88
The Arrival Of The Evening Train89
Peter Cooper's Tom Thumb100
The York, 1831101
The Atlantic And Its Train, 1832110
Ellicotts Mills, Maryland 111
Buzzards Rock118
The Tarpean Rock119
The First Train Into Frederick 126
The Old Station At Frederick, Maryland 127
Canal Vs. Railroad142
The Famous Arabian, 1834143
The Locomotive Displaces The Horse 150
Harpers Ferry Before The War151
The Relay Bridge162
Annapolis Junction, Maryland  163
The Log Of The Early Railroad168
Before The Day Of Tickets174
Joseph W. Patterson 184
Louis Mclane185
Goodbye To The Vertical Boiler-Thomas .Jefferson194
The Horizontal Boiler Appears-William Galloway 195
"Twenty Minutes For Dinner" 210
A Bond Of A Later Day211
The Hercules, 1844218
The Philip E. Thomas, William Norris Locomotive Of 1838     219
The Mercury, 1842224
A "Mud Digger"225
The Dragon  234
William Mason Built This Locomotive No. 25  235
Thomas Swann 246
Cheat River Viaduct 247
The Shoofly Track Over Pettibone  256
Closing The Line At Roseby's Rock257
Roseby's Rock Today  264
The Levee At Wheeling, Virginia 265
Camden Station, Baltimore272
Camden Station At A Later Day 273
An Early Railroad Pass 282
A Halt For Picture Making 283
Inside Connected Was No. 207  294
Along The Line, Balloon-Funnel Locomotive295
The Hotel And Station At Grafton, Virginia 300
Crossing The Alleghenies  301
William G. Harrison 310
Chauncy Brooks  311
John W. Garrett  328
"Railway Cars In America" Early English Idea 329
John Brown's Fort 344
The United States Arsenal At Harpers Ferry, Virginia    345
Mr. Lincoln Arrives At Washington 356
The Seventh Regiment Of New York Arriving At The Baltimore And Ohio Station, Washington, D. C., 1861 357
FOREWORD
THE record of any large railroad is apt to be the record of the social and economic life of the territory it serves. Baltimore and Ohio is no exception to this. In the first one hundred years of its life-coincident with the first hundred years of the railroad, itself, here in the United States -its record becomes that of the great industrial area that it serves. Crossing or entering thirteen of the states of the Union, reaching eight out of the ten largest cities of the nation, its history automatically becomes that of a very considerable part of America. Its first span of an even century is the span of one of the most interesting periods of social and industrial development that the world has known. With the history of that development, its own is entwined, irrevocably.
The idea of this book, originally, was that of 'its author. He went to the officers of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and sought their coin finding records and other source materials upon which to fabricate it. This help was given quickly. Yet, nothing more was proffered nor imposed. The author was left perfectly free to write this history as he himself chose to write it. At no time has he been asked to change nor to deflect it. The record is his own. The comments upon the men and events that go to make up the long chronicle of one hundred years likewise are his own. At all times he has tried to speak without malice or without prejudice. His desire has been a simple one-to spread the story of the development of a single far-reaching American enterprise as a detailed history; with here and there, perhaps, an unjudicial comment as to the effect of that record upon the life and growth of the community in general.
To make that record, he has had access to reports, letters, documents of every sort. He has read the daily files of many years of the newspapers of Baltimore and elsewhere. He has perused many of the books already written upon the history of the company. Its bibliography, already carefully compiled, is far too extensive to be placed here in full. Printed, it would make a volume quite as large as either of these that go to make the present record. Precise accuracy in this history, he cannot guarantee. That ever has been his aim. But, in the passing of many years, conflicting statements arise. One man's guess is as good as another's. And even records, themselves, are sometimes conflicting and misleading.
All of which is offered not as apology, but as explanation. ... It has been a hard task, compiling this record and making it as accurate as is humanly possible. But it has been a pleasant work. A task made pleasant by the unending help given by so many folk-the officers of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the librarians of the Maryland Historical Society, of the Library of Congress and of the Bureau of Railway Economics; the late Colonel John M. Schoonmaker, Mr. J. B. Yohe, Mr. W. W. Shock, many, many others. Finally, the author would speak a special word for the interest and energy of his secretary, Miss DorHough, who has helped him greatly in the preparation of this book.
E. H.          BALTIMORE, March, 1928


Volume 2 CONTENTS
CHAPTER I                                                                       &