North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina  w/DJ

North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina w/DJ

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North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina w/DJ
 
North Carolina Railroad 1849-1871 and the Modernization of North Carolina by Allen W Trelease
Hard Cover with dust jacket
Copyright 1991

CONTENTS
Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
Part 1
Before the War
1 Waking Rip Van Winkle: Organizing the NCRR 2 Building the Road 26
3 The Road and Its Equipment
4 The Men and Their Work 59
5 Trains and Their Operation 7o
6 Passenger Service 82
7 The Beginnings of Through Freight g8
8 Management and Finance: Morehead 110
9 Management and Finance: Fisher 122
Part 2 Wartime
10 Management and Finance: Cameron and Webb 137
11 The Road and Its Workers 154
12 Passenger and Freight Operations 164
13 Supplying Lee's Army? 179
Part 3
After the War
14 The Road and Its Equipment 215
15 Labor and Operations 229
16 Passenger Service 242
17 Freight Service 258
18 Management and Finance: Boyden, Webb, and Turner 27o
19 Management and Finance: W. A. Smith 285
20 To Sell, Merge, or Lease? 298
21 The Lease and Beyond, 1871-1990 315
22 Forward or Backward: The Effects of the NCRR 327
Appendix 347
Notes 377
Bibliography 453
Index 475

MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Maps

1. The NCRR and Its Stations 2

2. The NCRR and Its Connecting and Competing Roads 4

Illustrations

1. Charlotte depot area, 1850s 199

2. Goldsboro depot area, 1871 200

3. Raleigh depot area, 1871 200

4. Company Shops, 1871 201

5. NCRR stock certificate      202

6. Notice of a railroad barbecue, Salisbury, 1854      202

7. Advertisements for the NCRR and for Bland & Dunn's Stagecoach Line, 1855 203

8. NCRR mail train schedule, 1856 2o3 9. NCRR timetable, 1858 204

10. Former NCRR repair shops, Burlington, 1906 204

11. NCRR Hotel, Burlington, ca. 1900       205

12. Rock Creek culvert, Guilford County     205

13. NCRR locomotives     206

14. NCRR—Wilmington and Weldon Railroad joint warehouse, Goldsboro 207

15. Passenger trains on Center Street, Goldsboro, 1870    207

16. Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad train at Little River bridge, 1865    208

17. Confederate prison at Salisbury, 1864       208

18. NCRR depot at Thomasville 209

19. John Motley Morehead 209

20. Charles F. Fisher 210

21. Paul C. Cameron 210

22. Nathaniel Boyden 211

23. Josiah Turner, Jr. 211

TABLES

1. NCRR Stock Subscriptions by County, 30 March 1850     347

2. Twenty-five Largest NCRR Stockholders, 1859 and 1870     348

3. NCRR Stock Dividends Paid, 1859—1872     349

4. NCRR Directors with at Least Five Years' Service, 1850-1871     350

5. Officers of the North Carolina Railroad, 1850-1872    351

6. NCRR Workers, 1857, 1858, and 1865-1871    352

7. NCRR Bridges, 1859 and 1871     356

8. NCRR Locomotive Roster, 1854-1871    357

9. NCRR Passenger, Freight, and Work Cars, 1854-1872     360

10. NCRR Running Times and Speeds, 1856-1871    361

11. NCRR Receipts and Expenses, 1854-1871    362

12. NCRR Receipts and Expenses per Mile, 1856-1871   364

13. Number of NCRR Passengers, 1855-1871    365

14. NCRR Passenger Receipts, 1854-1871    366

15. NCRR Freight Receipts, 1854-1871    368

16. Six Leading NCRR Stations: Percentages of Civilian Freight Receipts, 1855-             1870     369

17. NCRR Freight Tonnage, 1867-1872 37o

18. Median Monthly Percentages of Annual NCRR Freight Receipts, 1855-                         1871    371

19. Value of Farm Lands and Buildings:  NCRR Counties and the State,                            1850-1900     372

20. Population and Agriculture:  NCRR Counties as Percentage of the State, 1850-1900    373

21. Value of Manufactures and Farm Products: NCRR Counties and the State, 1850-1900     374

22. Value of Household Manufactures:  NCRR Counties and the State,                              1840-1870     376

DUST JACKET INTRODUCTION

The North Carolina Railroad, running from Goldsboro west to Raleigh, Greensboro, and Charlotte, was a major force in the growth that transformed the Rip Van Winkle State in the last half of the nineteenth century. Constructed chiefly with $3 million in state funds, the 223-mile railroad was North Carolina's longest road, largest business corporation, and leading source of revenue during its years of independent operation, from 1849 to 1871. It was then leased to the Richmond and Danville Railroad, where it became a vital link in the route connecting Washington and Atlanta. The NCRR still operates today under a ninety-nine-year lease to the Norfolk Southern that will expire in 1994.

In telling the story of the NCRR's independent years, Allen Trelease covers all aspects of the company and its history: its chartering and construction; its roadbed, rolling stock, and other physical structures, including the repair shops that gave rise to the city of Burlington; its management and finance; its labor force and policies, particularly the construction role of slaves; its passenger and freight operations; the development of through traffic with other roads; and its role in supporting military operations during the Civil War.

Trelease's concluding chapter assesses the impact of the NCRR on the economic and social development of North Carolina, particularly the Piedmont Crescent, which it largely created. He graphically shows how the coming of the iron horse shattered the isolation of many sections of the state and thus led to the modernization of North Carolina.

The North Carolina Railroad, 1849-1871, and the Modernization of North Carolina is based on research in pertinent primary and secondary sources, including the NCRR records, North Carolina newspapers, railroading publications of the era, scholarly and popular treatments of this road and of American railroading, and works on economic growth and development.

Allen W. Trelease is professor and chair of history at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. His previous books include Reconstruction: The Great Experiment and White Terror: The Ku Klux Klan and Southern Reconstruction.

Fred W. Morrison Series in Southern Studies


In telling the story of the North Carolina Railroad's independent years (1849-71), Trelease covers all aspects of the company and its development, including its construction and rolling stock; its management, labor force, and labor policies; its passenger and freight operations; and its role in the Civil War. He also assesses the impact of the railroad on the economic and social development of North Carolina.


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