Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2

Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2

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Indiana Magazine Of History 1925 June & sept Vol 21 #2 & #2
Indiana Magazine Of History
Volume  XXI  June And September 1925

The Big Four railroad in Indiana
Big four map included
Pages run from 109 to 273
Appears page numbering runs from first quarter thru fourth quarter

The Big Four Railroad In Indiana  By Ared Maurice Murphy
This collection of sketches is not presumed to be a complete history of the various Big Four (or Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis) lines in Indiana. Such a work would be too comprehensive for the purpose of these sketches, and would probably contain much of little interest to the average reader. Accordingly, the beginnings of the different roads now comprising the Big Four in Indiana have been featured-their building, financing, original planning, and the like. In some cases, some later history has been included, in order to carry the effects of the policies inaugurated when the roads were built, to their logical conclusion. Again, some later history has also been introduced to show the gradual changes which took place and which welded several small and struggling lines of railroad into parts of one great system.
The field of railroad history in Indiana has been but little explored; and the writer would feel his efforts had been repaid if the following sketches should stimulate any degree of interest in the subject.
Like all Indiana history between 1830 and 1860, the story of the building of railroads during that period contains much romance. The line of the "middle border", of which Hamlin Garland has charmingly written, had not passed far beyond Indiana's western boundary; and in great part, their primitive modes of living and the primitive tools and methods by which the work of the pioneers was carried on, are reflected in the building of the early railroads.
Above all stands out that which has principally given the history of the middle west its undeniably romantic interest-the spirit of progress and enterprise that animated the pioneers of "the new west", the spirit that transformed a virgin wilderness in a few decades into a flourishing region in agriculture, commerce and industry. The story of few early enterprises of Indiana shows that spirit more abundantly than that of the railroads. True, it does not always appear in worthy forms ; there was much unscrupulous and underhand work, a great deal of greed, speculation and loose business methods. Most railroad projectors thought railroads would prove to be veritable El Dorados-and like the El Dorado of the Spanish explorers, the promised wealth proved in many cases to be as elusive in reality as it was glittering in fable.
The writer has endeavored to portray the romance of these early roads in the beginnings of the three main railroads of the present Big Four lines built in Indiana before the Civil war-the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine, the Lafayette and Indianapolis, and the Indianapolis and Cincinnati. He has also endeavored to show the tremendous strides railroading has made in seventy years in business methods as well as in operation and equipment ; and to pay tribute to the pioneers of vision and industry who built these lines and started them on useful and prosperous careers-men like Oliver Hampton Smith, Albert S. White, and George H. Dunn.
The stretch of railroad between Indianapolis and Union City, Indiana, now a part of the Big Four system, is the oldest part of that system in Indiana, and the second line of railroad to be built in the state. It was built under the name of the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine railroad, because it connected at Union. City with a line to Bellefontaine, which was built about the same time. It has had several changes of ownership since it was chartered in 1848, and this sketch treats principally of its building and operation from that date to its completion at Union City in December, 1852.
With the early development of Indiana and the manifest need for internal improvements, it was natural that there should be talk of railroads. The first recorded mention of them is in 0. H. Smith's reminiscences of his campaign for congress in 1826, the same year in which the first railroad was built in the United States. He was having a joint debate with his opponent, Judge John Test, at Allenville, Switzerland county.
The judge was speaking, and for the first time introduced the new subject of railroads. He avowed himself in favor of them, and said he had voted for the Buffalo and New Orleans road, and then, rising to (continued)

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