Great Hudson River Brick Industry Commemorating three and a Half centuries
Great Hudson River Brick Industry Commemorating three and a Half centuries
Great Hudson River Brick Industry Commemorating three and a Half centuries
Great Hudson River Brick Industry Commemorating three and a Half centuries

Great Hudson River Brick Industry Commemorating three and a Half centuries

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Great Hudson River Brick Industry Commemorating three and a Half centuries
 
The Great Hudson River Brick Industry  Commemorating three and a Half centuries of brickmaking by George V. Hutton
Softcover 240 pages
Copyright 2003 FIRST edition
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION 7
CHAPTER ONE
Origins of an Enterprise-Before 1865
11
CHAPTER TWO
The Years of Growth-1865-1897
31
CHAPTER THREE
Zenith of an Industry and Irresistible Forces of Change-1897-1920
94
CHAPTER FOUR
Becoming a Modern Industry: The Quick and the Dead-1920-1941
132
CHAPTER FIVE
A Last Round of Good Times-1945-1956
166
CHAPTER SIX
Too Many Problems At Once:
The End of Three and One Half Centuries of Brickmaking-1957-2002
188
CHAPTER SEVEN
Epilogue for a Departed Industry
203
APPENDIX
207
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SOURCES
227
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
235
INDEX
237

INTRODUCTION
MANY HAVE FORGOTTEN the very great need that once existed for Hudson River bricks. The singular success of brickmakers in fulfilling that need created an industry that once dominated the Hudson Valley. This is the story of the powerful forces of urbanization in New York City that required the products of the river's brick industry and the means of producing those products for a period of three and one half centuries.
In 1910, at the end of the greatest period of growth in the history of New York City, the principal journal of the American structural clay products industry, Brick, stated that Chicago and the Hudson River were the largest brick manufacturing centers in the world, the latter being the largest of all. There was nothing parochial about that judgment, insofar as that journal was published in Chicago. It was for good reason that the world's largest brick industry was located on the Hudson River, considering that New York City experienced the greatest growth of any city in the world between 1880 and 1920. The prodigious growth of New York City was very much dependent on Hudson River bricks. These were the zenith years of the brickmaking on the Hudson River.
This account deals with the inception of Hudson River brickmaking in the seventeenth century and follows its development through the greatest period of its growth, the post-Civil War nineteenth-century years and the first decade of the twentieth century. The early years of this greatest growth period were also the beginning of the life of this writing's protagonist-the manufacturer having thlongest run of all of them-a duration of 115 years. That brickmaker was the Hutton Company. This company was an exemplar of nineteenth-century brickmaking practice, as well as being a leader in the twentieth-century modernization of the industry. Close attention to at least one manufacturer is also done to prevent this history from becoming too generic, with unique documentation and informed firsthand opinion made available for this writing. A considerable amount of detailed description is also provided for a number of the other manufacturers. References
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