An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England
An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England
An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England
An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England
An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England
An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England
An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England

An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England

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An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England
 
An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England by Edward P Cheyney
Professor of European history in the University of Pennsylvania. Published 1905.
317 pages

PREFACE
THIS text-book is intended for college and high-school classes. Most of the facts stated in it have become, through the researches and publications of recent years, such comknowledge that a reference to authority in each case has not seemed necessary. Statements on more doubtpoints, and such personal opinions as I have had occasion to express, although not suppOrted by references, are based on a somewhat careful study of the sources. To each chapis subjoined a bibliographical paragraph with the titles of the most inipottant secondary authorities. These works will furnish a fuller account of the matters that have been treated in outline in this book, indicate the original sources, and give opportunity and suggestions for further study. An introducchapter and a series of, narrative paragraphs prefixed to other chapters are given with the object of correlating matters of economic and social history with other aspects of the life of the nation.
My obligation and gratitude are due, as are those of all later students, to the group of scholars who have within our own time laid the foundations of the study of economic history, and whose names and books will be found referred to in the bibliographical paragraphs.
EDWARD P. CHEYNEY.
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA,January, 1901.
CONTENTS
CHAPTER I
GROWTH OF THE NATION TO THE MIDDLE OF THEFOURTEENTH CENTURY
PAGE
I. The Geography of England .
  • 2..Prehistoric Britain.4
  • 3..Roman Britain ..5
  • 4..Early Saxon England..8
  • 5..Danish and Late Saxon England  12
  • 6..The Period following the Norman Conquest ..Is
  • 7..The Period of the Early Angevin Kings, 1154-133822
CHAPTER II
RURAL LIFE AND ORGANIZATION
  • 2..The Mediaeval Village ....31
  • 3..The Vill as an Agricultural System .33
to. Classes of People on the Manor  39
II. The Manor Courts..45
  • 12..The Manor as an Estate of a Lord49
  • 13..Bibliography   52
CHAPTER III
TOWN LIFE AND ORGANIZATION
  • 12..The Town Government   57
  • 13..The Gild Merchant..59
  • 14..The Craft Gilds .64
  • 15..Non-industrial Gilds71
i8 Bibliography  '73
vii
CHAPTER IV
MEDIIEVAL TRADE AND COMMERCE
PAGE
19. Markets and Fairs..
  • 75
  • 20. Trade Relations between Towns
  • 79
  • 21. Foreign Trading Relations  81
  • 22. The Italian and Eastern Trade .84
  • 23. The Flanders Trade and the Staple87
  • 24. The Hanse Trade ....89
  • 25. Foreigners settled in England   90
  • 26. Bibliography   94CHAPTER VTHE BLACK DEATH AND THE PEASAITS' REBELLIONEconomic Changes of the Later Fourteenth and Early FifteenthCenturies
  • 27. National Affairs from 1338 to 1461   96
  • 28. The Black Death and its Effects  99
  • 29. The Statutes of Laborers   106
  • 30. The Peasants' Rebellion of 1381  I I I
  • 31. Commutation of Services..   125
  • 32. The Abandonment of Demesne Farming
  • . 128
  • 33. The Decay of Serfdom ....
  • . 129
  • 34. Changes in Town Life and Foreign Trade
  • 133
35. Bibliography.
. 134
CHAPTER VI
THE BREAKING UP OF THE MEDLEVAL SYSTEM
Economic Changes of the Later Fifteenth and the Sixteenth
Centuries
36. National Affairs from 1461 to 1603136
37. Enclosures  141
38. Internal Divisions in the Craft Gilds147
39. Change of Location of Industries .151
40. The Influence of the Government on the Gilds
. 154
41. General Causes and. Evidences of the Decay of the Gilds159
42. The Growth. of Native. Commerce .. 161
43. The Merchants Adventurers ... 164
44. Government Encouragement of Commerce
. 167
Contentsix
PAGE
169
171
  • 173
41. The Currency 46. Interest
  • 47..Paternal Government
  • 48..Bibliography.. 176
CHAPTER VII
THE EXPANSION OF ENGLAND
Economic Changes of the Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth
Centuries
  • 47..National Affairs from 1603 to 1760. 177
5o. The Extension of Agriculture... 183
  • 51..The Domestic System of Manufactures .. 185
  • 52.Commerce under the Navigation Acts .. 189
  • 53..Finance.  193
  • 54..Bibliography .198
CHAPTER VIII
THE PERIOD OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Economic Changes of the Later Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth
Centuries
  • 51..National Affairs from 176o to 1830199
  • 52..The Great Mechanical Inventions
. 203
  • 51..The Factory System...
  • 212
  • 58. Iron, Coal, and Transportation.
  • 214
  • 59. The Revival of Enclosures ..
  • . 216
  • 6o. Decay of Domestic Manufacture .
  • 220
  • 61..The Laissez-faire Theory ..
. 224
  • 61..Cessation of Government Regulation
, 228
  • 61..Individualism.......232
  • 62..Social Conditions at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century 235
  • 63..Bibliography.239
CHAPTER IX
THE EXTENSION OF GOVERNMENT CONTROL
Factory Laws, the Modification of Land Ownership, SanitaryRegulations, and New Public Services
  • 61..National Affairs from 1830 to 1900.. 240
  • 62..The Beginning of Factory Legislation . 244
PAGE
  • 68..Arguments for and against Factory Legislation249
  • 69..Factory Legislation to 1847  254
  • 70..The Extension of Factory Legislation  256
  • 71..Employers' Liability Acts...26o
  • 72..Preservation of Remaining Open Lands. 262
  • 73..Allotments '40' 267
74 Small Holdings269
  • 75..Government Sanitary Control   271
  • 76..Industries Carried on by Government  273
  • 77..Bibliography   276
CHAPTER X
THE EXTENSION OF VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATION '
Trade Unions, Tr:Lis, and CoOperation
  • 75..The Rise of Trade Unions ...... 277
  • 76..Opposition of the Law and of Public Opinion. The Com-
bination Acts  279
  • 75..Legalization and Popular Acceptance of Trade Unions.281
  • 76..The Growth of Trade Unions   288
  • 77.Federation of Trade Unions .    289
  • 78..Employers' Organizations . 293
  • 79..Trusts and Trade Combinations  294
  • 80..Cooperation in Distribution .    295
  • 81..Cooperation in Production    300
  • 82..Cooperation in Farming    302
  • 83..Cooperation in Credit  . 306
  • 84..Profit Sharing.. 307
9o. Socialism   310
91. Bibliography.    311



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